At least five Kashmiris were killed during mounting violence ahead of the local elections in Kashmir as Indian authorities imposed a curfew and suspended mobile internet services in the disputed territory on Thursday.
There were at least four separate shootings in the restive Himalayan region, where an armed insurgency against Indian rule has raged for three decades, costing tens of thousands of lives.
Indian army spokesperson Col Rajesh Kalia said three Kashmiris and one soldier died in separate shootouts in Budgam district and Anantnag district.
Elsewhere, a road-construction labourer was shot and killed by soldiers, said a police officer who spoke on condition of anonymity and could not provide further details.
In the main city of Srinagar, the Indian forces shot dead a man during an early morning patrol, sparking public unrest.
Thousands defied the government curfew to attend his funeral, chanting slogans against Indian rule in the mountainous area where half a million soldiers are deployed.
Tensions have been rising ahead of local elections in October and November.
New Delhi has deployed an additional 40,000 troops to the region to maintain order.
Both pro-Indian parties and Kashmiri groups fighting for self-determination have called for a boycott of the upcoming polls.
The region has been under direct control of New Delhi since the local government there collapsed in June.
Curfews, internet shutdowns and clashes with civilians are not uncommon when violence flares in Kashmir, where Indian forces have been accused by the UN of rights abuses.
The Software Freedom Law Centre, a New Delhi-based advocacy group, says authorities have suspended the internet 105 times this year in Kashmir alone.